The sixth in our series of articles looking at education in Australia focuses on the Education system in South Australia.
Primary and secondary Schooling in South Australia
On 1 January 2009, the school leaving age in South Australia was raised to 17 (having previously been 15 and then 16). Education is compulsory for all children until age 17, unless they are working or undergoing other training. The majority of students stay on to complete their South Australian Certificate of Education (SACE).
School education is the responsibility of the South Australian government, but the public and private education systems are funded jointly by it and the Commonwealth Government.
The South Australian Government provides, to schools on a per student basis, 89 percent of the total Government funding while the Commonwealth contributes 11 percent. Since the early 1970s it has been an ongoing controversy that 68 percent of Commonwealth funding (increasing to 75% by 2008) goes to private schools that are attended by 32% of the states students.
Private schools often refute this by saying that they receive less State Government funding than public schools and in 2004 the main private school funding came from the Australian government, not the state government.
Tertiary Education In South Australia
At time of typing there are three public and three private universities in South Australia.
The three public universities are The University of Adelaide (established 1874), The Flinders University of South Australia (est. 1966), and The University of South Australia (est. 1991).
The three private universities are Carnegie Mellon University – Australia (est. 2006), University College London’s School of Energy and Resources (Australia), and Cranfield University.
All six have their main campus in the Adelaide metropolitan area: Adelaide and UniSA on North Terrace in the city; CMU, UCL and Cranfield are co-located on Victoria Square in the city, and Flinders at Bedford Park.
Public Universities In South Australia
The public universities also have other campuses in the metropolitan area, around the state, inter-state, and overseas.
Metropolitan campuses include:
Adelaide:The Waite at Urrbrae; Research Park at Thebarton; and The National Wine Centre in the Adelaide Park Lands.
UniSA: Magill Campus (Magill); Mawson Lakes Campus (Mawson Lakes); and Parafield (Parafield).
Rural and regional campuses include:
Flinders: The Flinders University Rural Clinical Schools at Mount Gambier, Goolwa and Renmark; and The Lincoln Marine Science Centre at Port Lincoln. Adelaide: Roseworthy Campus near Roseworthy. UniSA: Campuses at Mount Gambier and Whyalla.
Interstate campuses include:
Flinders:The university maintains a number of external teaching south-west Victoria and the Northern Territory.
Overseas campuses include:
Adelaide: Singapore Campus.
Private universities In South Australia
Carnegie Mellon University’s Heinz College Australia and ETC-Australia (Entertainment Technology Center – Australia Global Initiative) (sic – American spelling) both have campuses in Adelaide. The Heinz College, in Victoria Square, was established in 2006, and is the first American university to open a campus in Australia. ETC-Australia is located on Light Square.
CMU-Australia is co-located with the University College London’s School of Energy and Resources (Australia), and world-class research and policy institutes, including Cranfield University (UK), partner the Torrens Resilience Institute and The Australian Centre for Social Innovation.
TAFE Education in South Australia
Tertiary vocational education is provided by TAFE South Australia colleges throughout the state